Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the regular performance of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are diverse therefore is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is primarily concentrated on preventing additional progression of the nerve damage and other supportive measures to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are generally treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or may not entirely reverse the neuropathy and relieve the signs and in lots of cases there is some irreversible damage to nerves and consistent signs in spite of therapy. Recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has also been found. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the action varies and might take numerous months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based upon specific cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), regional injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing annoying elements like typing in wrong positions, use of hand tools etc. If signs not eased by this method, then surgical treatment is also an option and is most often alleviative if no irreversible damage to nerve has actually currently happened. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment varies.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, caused by lack of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is mainly supportive.
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the irritant food item causing neuropathy. There might be some particular treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by providing pyridoxine along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more development of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are here treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy.